Skip to main content

Pneumocystis pneumonia PCR

Alias: PCP, Pneumocystis jirovecii (aka carinii)

Discipline: Clinical Microbiology

Test information: Pneumocystis pneumonia is a lung infection caused by a fungus. It's rare in healthy people, and usually affects those with a weak immune system. PCP testing should be considered in patients with HIV infection whose CD4 + cells fall below 200/uL and who are not receiving PCP prophylaxis. Persons with primary immune deficiencies. Persons receiving long-term immunosuppressive regimens for connective-tissue disorders, vasculitides, or solid-organ transplantation. Persons with hematologic and nonhematologic malignancies, including solid tumors and lymphomas. Persons with severe malnutrition. Also associated with serum beta glucan testing for invasive fungal infection. Assay target - Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia DNA.

Specimen Type(s)
  • Sputum;
Other Acceptable Specimen Type(s)
  • Sputum;
  • Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL);
  • Nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA);
Specimen Container - Adult
  • Plain Universal;
Specimen Container - Paediatric
  • Sterile CE-marked Universal Container;
  • N/A;
Part of a test profile?
Volume (min) of sample to be sent to laboratory
Patient Preparation, Sample Handling and Transport
Specimens should be transported to the laboratory as soon as possible.
Outside of normal hours samples should be refrigerated (2 °C to 8 °C).
Maximum add on time
Units and Reference Ranges / Interpretation
UKAS number
UKAS accredited test?

If you have any queries about a test or results interpretation please contact us.

Last updated: 16-08-2023