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Varicella zoster virus PCR (Rash)

Alias: VZ, VZV, Chicken Pox, Shingles, Human herpesvirus 3

Discipline: Virology

Test information: Used primarily for the investigation of genital sores/ulcers, vesicular rashes, stomatitis/oral ulceration, corneal ulceration, shingles and chickenpox.

Part of a syndromic test selection. Assay also includes targets for Herpes simplex virus 1, Herpes simplex virus 2, Enterovirus and Human Adenovirus.

Availability: Routine hours: 08:00 to 17:15

Specimen Type(s)
  • Anal Swab;
  • Eye swab;
  • Genital Swab;
  • Mouth Swab;
  • Ocular Fluid;
  • Skin Swab;
  • Throat swab;
  • Ulcer Swabs;
  • Vesicle Fluid;
  • Vesicle Swabs;
  • Vitreous Fluid;
Other Acceptable Specimen Type(s)
Specimen Container - Adult
  • Copan Universal Transport Medium (UTM-RT) Red;
  • Plain Universal;
  • Sigma-Virocult with Sigma-Swab Green;
Specimen Container - Paediatric
  • N/A;
  • Varicella zoster virus DNA;
Part of a test profile?
Volume (min) of sample to be sent to laboratory
Patient Preparation, Sample Handling and Transport
  • Specimens should be transported to the laboratory as soon as possible. Outside of normal hours samples should be refrigerated (2 °C to 8 °C).
  • Swab from base of lesion or vesicle fluid/crusts. If possible collect fluid from intact vesicle.
  • Some interference may occur with this assay if high levels of ethanol are present in clinical specimens.
  • Please indicate if hand foot and mouth is suspected
  • Please indicate site of swab.
Maximum add on time
Units and Reference Ranges / Interpretation
Not detected / Detected
UKAS number
UKAS accredited test?
See: Herpes simplex virus 1 PCR. Herpes simplex virus 1 PCR. Enterovirus PCR. Human Adenovirus PCR.

If you have any queries about a test or results interpretation please contact us.

Last updated: 06-06-2023