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HTLV Serology

Alias: HTLV-1, HTLV-2, ATL, HAM. TSP, Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus

Discipline: Virology

Test information: HTLV-1 is the causative agent of a form of blood cancer (adult T-cell leukaemia or lymphoma, called ATL) and of a progressive disease of the nervous system (HTLV-1 associated myelopathy, or HAM, also known as tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP)). HTLV serology is to determine whether someone is infected with HTLV, either as a general screen, following potential contact with the virus, or as part of an investigation into the cause of a person's illness (i.e. lymphoma or neurological disorders).

Availability: Referred to University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust: Monday - Friday during routine hours: 08:45 - 17:15.

Turnaround Time: 3 Days upon receipt at University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust

Specimen Type(s)
  • Clotted blood;
Other Acceptable Specimen Type(s)
Specimen Container - Adult
  • Gold Top SST BD;
Specimen Container - Paediatric
  • Plain Top Sarstedt;
  • N/A;
Part of a test profile?
Volume (min) of sample to be sent to laboratory
5 - 10mL
Patient Preparation, Sample Handling and Transport
  • Minimum-clotting time 30 minutes.
  • Specimens should be transported to the laboratory as soon as possible.
  • Outside of normal hours samples should be refrigerated (2 °C to 8 °C).
  • Please indicate travel history.
  • Please indicate clinical details and any known risk factors.
Maximum add on time
Units and Reference Ranges / Interpretation
Results: Negative / Positive
UKAS number
UKAS accredited test?

If you have any queries about a test or results interpretation please contact us.

Last updated: 31-05-2023