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Calcium

Alias: N/A

Discipline: Clinical Chemistry

Test information: Parathyroid hormone and vitamin D regulate normal plasma calcium levels by their actions on kidney, intestine, and bone ion transport. The main causes of hypercalcaemia are primary hyperparathyroidism, malignant disease, and chronic renal failure. Malignancies can raise serum calcium levels by either direct bone destruction or secretion of calcaemic factors. Patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung, metastatic breast cancer, multiple myeloma, and renal cell carcinoma are most prone to hypercalcaemia.

Specimen Type(s)
  • Blood;
Other Acceptable Specimen Type(s)
N/A
Specimen Container - Adult
  • Gold Top SST BD;
Specimen Container - Paediatric
  • Light Green Top Microtainer BD;
Analytes
  • N/A;
Part of a test profile?
No
Volume (min) of sample to be sent to laboratory
4ml
Patient Preparation, Sample Handling and Transport
N/A
Maximum add on time
5 days
Units and Reference Ranges / Interpretation
RR for Male and Female
less than 1yr - 2.1-2.7 - mmol/L
1yr to less than 19yrs - 2.3-2.6 - mmol/L
19yrs and above - 2.2 - 2.6 - mmol/L
UKAS number
8869
UKAS accredited test?
Yes
Comments
N/A

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Last updated: 03-05-2024